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The Last Lesson Summary Class 12 English Etutor

The Last Lesson Summary Class 12 English Etutor

Etutor Guru

19 Feb 2024

    The final lesson comes from the pen of Alphonse Daudet. It recounts events from 1870 when France fell under the control of Prussian forces led by Bismarck. During this time, the regions of Lorraine and Alsace came under Prussian governance. As a result, the teaching of French was halted in these areas, and French teachers were ordered to depart.

    As a result, Mr. Hamel found himself unable to continue teaching at his longtime school. Nonetheless, his final lesson was delivered with utmost dedication and honesty. One of Mr. Hamel’s students harbored fear toward him, expecting punishment upon arriving at school that day. However, he soon discovered that it would be their last lesson. Gradually, he came to understand the significance of the subject being taught. This narrative serves as a poignant illustration of the emotions people experience when they fail to preserve their language.

    Detailed :

    This story is narrated by a French boy named Franz. Franz is characterized as lazy, yet he enjoys playing and possesses a sensitive disposition. Despite his laziness, Franz harbors a dislike for his teacher, Mr. Hamel, at school and holds no interest in studying French.

    Key Points:

    1. The story is narrated by a French boy named Franz.

    2. Franz is described as lazy but enjoys playing and is sensitive.

    3. Despite his laziness, Franz dislikes his teacher, Mr. Hamel, and lacks interest in studying French.

    Following the annexation of the Alsace and Lorraine districts in France by Germany, an edict from Berlin mandates the teaching of German instead of French in the local schools. Additionally, it marks the final day of Monsieur Hamel, the longtime French teacher at the school, who has dedicated forty years to his profession.

    Key Points:

    1. After Germany annexes Alsace and Lorraine in France, Berlin issues an edict requiring German to be taught instead of French in local schools.

    2. It also signifies the last day of Monsieur Hamel, the school’s French teacher, who has served for forty years.

    Furthermore, the teacher, Monsieur Hamel, is deeply patriotic and feels a profound sense of nostalgia and sorrow. His sentiments are shared by the villagers, who attend his “last lesson” as a gesture of honor and respect. The village is filled with regret and sadness as they realize they neglected to learn their native language in their youth.

    Key Points:

    1. Monsieur Hamel, the teacher, is strongly patriotic and feels deeply nostalgic and sorrowful.

    2. The villagers join his “last lesson” as a sign of honor and respect.

    3. There’s regret and sadness in the village as they recognize they didn’t prioritize learning their native language earlier in life.

    Franz experiences a significant shock upon discovering that the current lesson will be his final opportunity to learn French. This revelation startles him as he realizes his lack of proficiency in the language. However, the news ignites a sudden curiosity within him, sparking an unexpected interest in learning French. Consequently, he becomes fully engaged in the lesson, paying close attention and absorbing all the knowledge imparted to him on this last day.

    Key Points:

    1. Franz is greatly surprised when he learns it’s his last chance to learn French.

    2. He’s startled because he knows he isn’t fluent in French.

    3. However, this news triggers a sudden curiosity in him, leading to an unexpected desire to learn French.

    4. As a result, he becomes fully engaged in the lesson, paying close attention and absorbing all the knowledge shared on this final day.

    In an instant, Franz finds himself developing a newfound fondness for his teacher, Monsieur Hamel. His previous feelings of animosity towards him dissolve abruptly. Moreover, Franz begins to deeply admire the dedication and sincerity exhibited by his teacher over the years. As Franz struggles to recite his lesson, he is overwhelmed with sadness and shame for his inability to do so.

    Key Points:

    1. Franz suddenly starts to like Monsieur Hamel, his teacher.

    2. His previous animosity towards Monsieur Hamel disappears instantly.

    3. Franz admires Monsieur Hamel’s dedication and sincerity.

    4. Franz feels sad and ashamed when he struggles to recite his lesson.

    Hamel elucidates that everyone shares the blame for their collective lack of enthusiasm for learning. He doesn’t exempt himself from this responsibility, acknowledging his own shortcomings in teaching with sincerity.

    Key Points:

    1. Hamel explains that everyone is responsible for their lack of interest in learning.

    2. He includes himself in this, admitting his own shortcomings in teaching with sincerity.

    In his praise for the French language, there is a clear reflection of Monsieur Hamel’s patriotism. He extols the French language as the most logical and beautiful language in the world. It appears that Monsieur Hamel becomes emotional during this moment, expressing his deep attachment and reverence for the language of his homeland.

    Key Points:

    1. Monsieur Hamel’s patriotism is evident in his praise for the French language.

    2. He describes French as the most logical and beautiful language in the world.

    3. Monsieur Hamel becomes emotional, showing his deep attachment and reverence for his homeland’s language.

    Additionally, Monsieur Hamel implores the class to cherish and protect their language. He emphasizes that maintaining a strong connection to one’s language is a means of resisting oppression and tyranny. Monsieur Hamel believes that their language will serve as a tool for reclaiming freedom from the German occupiers. The people come to understand the profound importance of their mother tongue, realizing that their defeat may have been exacerbated by their lack of literacy.

    Key Points:

    1. Monsieur Hamel urges the class to value and safeguard their language.

    2. He stresses that maintaining a strong connection to their language is a way to resist oppression and tyranny.

    3. Monsieur Hamel believes their language will help them regain freedom from the German occupiers.

    4. The people recognize the significant role of their mother tongue and acknowledge that their defeat might have been worsened by their lack of literacy.

    Franz comes to the realization that it’s impossible to strip a person of their language. Language is inherent to an individual, deeply ingrained in their identity. Franz believes that no matter the efforts of opposition forces, they will inevitably fail in their attempts to eradicate someone’s language, as it is an intrinsic part of who they are.

    Key Points:

    1. Franz realizes that it’s impossible to take away someone’s language.

    2. He understands that language is deeply connected to a person’s identity.

    3. Franz believes that despite opposition efforts, they will ultimately fail in eradicating someone’s language because it’s an integral part of who they are.

    Conclusion :

    The summary of “The Last Lesson” underscores the significance of preserving one’s language for any ethnic group. It emphasizes the vital importance of safeguarding one’s language as a fundamental aspect of cultural identity. The story highlights how language serves as a powerful tool for maintaining heritage, expressing emotions, and connecting with one’s community. Through Monsieur Hamel’s final lesson, the narrative underscores the enduring value of language and the necessity of cherishing and protecting it against any threats or attempts at suppression.

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